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Atlantis, the Lost Land

Atlantis, the Lost Land from Mystic Realms

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Map of Western Europe

Mirror of 'Map of Western Europe' Page from

In this map the areas above the modern 200 m isodepth line are shown in light blue.

The white colour symbolically depicts the areas of surface glaciation at the maximum of the last glaciation. The approximate character of this depiction is due to the fact that it represents the mean between a number of widely diverging reconstructions, since in preparing this paper there was no intention to give preference to any one of them.


The Celtic Shelf

Mirror of Map of Celtic Shelf

This map is visualization of gridded data extracted from ETOPO5 (7) for 46 - 53 N and 3 - 13 W made with ModbWin.

The Little Sole Bank is cannot be seen due to the low resolution of this map (5 min), but its location is marked with a red dot.


Little Sole Bank

Mirror of Map of Little Sole Bank

This map represents isodepth lines extracted from the map of seabed sediments of the British Geological Survey (14), the most minute map of the Little Sole Bank that I was able to find. Its original scale is 1: 250,000 (in this image - approximately 235 m per pixel). The Little Sole Bank (in the centre) is depicted in this map as an unremarkable underwater hill not more than 40 metres higher than the shelf valley surrounding it. There are two warnings on the map that it is not to be used for navigation. In the British Admiralty Chart (2) the Little Sole bank is marked with no record of depth. In the German Alexander Weltatlas (8) at the same coordinates the depth of 57 metres is marked without any specific name, and I have no reason to question this, all the more so because the Great Sole Bank further to the west, which is outside the 200 nm zone of the UK and is shown in most maps, has the depth indication of 65 m.
Of course, the scale and accuracy of this map do not make it possible to draw any morphological conclusions on its basis; nevertheless, the feature in the immediate vicinity of the Little Sole bank from the east, is obviously of great interest in the context of the question of the ancient sea level. This feature, in my opinion, looks very much like an ancient river-bed with a rather localized alluvium of river sediments in the place where the ancient river-mouth was. Such a degree of localization is only possible if the coastal line was not higher than at the present 160-170 m isodepth lines. Thus, it is possible that in order to answer the question whether the relative sea level in this area was low enough for the Little Sole Bank to be part of the land rather than an island, it wouldn't be necessary to look for ancient coastal features, and one vertical profile of the supposed ancient river-bed made with a profiler that would be enough to make conclusions about the nature of the sediments and the way they accumulated, with sufficient confidence. Some paleogeographic reconstructions of Western Europe at the of the last glaciation suggest that there had existed a river originating in the area of the modern Irish Sea, which must have flown into the ocean in approximately this area (12). And if this is indeed the trace of the ancient river-bed, then the present Little Sole Bank was not an island or merely a hill on the shore, but a hill at the river-mouth, which is a uniquely beneficial position for a city.
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